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Your Are Here - Home > Counties > Offaly County
County Offaly (Irish: Contae Uíbh Fhailí) is a county in Leinster, Ireland, bordered by seven other counties: Galway, Roscommon, Westmeath, Meath, Kildare, Laois, and Tipperary. Originally the name referred to the Kingdom of Uí Failghe. The present county was shired in 1556 by Mary I of England during one of the Plantations of Ireland, and was then named King's County after King Philip II of Spain, and the county town was Philipstown (now called Daingean) until the nineteenth century. The county town is now Tullamore. Its former name of "King's County" is still used when the title deeds to a property are transferred from a buyer to a seller today.

Before the plantation of modern day Offaly by English settlers, the territories it comprises were controlled principally by the Ó Conchubhair Fáilghe clan in the North/East of the county and the Ó Céarbhaill of Ely in the south. The county was shired in 1556 from some of the remnant Gaelic captaincys on the borderlands of the ancient kingdoms of Meath, Munster and Leinster and therefore does not correspond to the territory of the Kingdom of Uí Failghe. Its former name of "King's County" derived from Philip, the consort of Queen Mary I, who later ruled as Philip II of Spain. As a result Daingean was formerly known as Philipstown. The county was renamed in 1922 after the Irish War of Independence.

The southern part of the county is occupied by the Slieve Bloom Mountains, the northwestern part is the floodplain of the River Shannon and the remainder consists of large bogs including the Bog of Allen and Boora Bog.

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Offaly County
Place: Leinister
People: 70,868
Speak: English, Irish
Area: 1,999 km²
GPS: -7.5, 53.25